27-32. Лексико–грамматические навыки

ОГЭ Английский язык задание №27-32 Демонстрационный вариант 2018-2017 Про­чи­тай­те при­ведённый ниже текст. Пре­об­ра­зуй­те слово, на­пе­ча­тан­ное за­глав­ны­ми бук­ва­ми в скоб­ках так, чтобы оно лек­си­че­ски и грам­ма­ти­че­ски со­от­вет­ство­ва­ло со­дер­жа­нию тек­ста. За­пол­ни­те про­пуск по­лу­чен­ным сло­вом.

People travel a lot nowadays. Planes are considered to be the most __________________27(COMFORT) means of transport but for some people airports can be a nightmare.
There are __________________28(END) queues when you check in and you waste lots of time if your flight is delayed.
However, there are some airports where you can __________________29(ACTUAL) enjoy yourself.
For example, you’ll never be bored at Hong Kong’s international airport. There are thousands of people from
__________________30(DIFFER) countries here but the passengers never experience any problems because everything is well organised.
There are attendants in red coats, who help you to get from one place to another. It’s very good for people with no sense of __________________31(DIRECT).
The attendants are always very polite and __________________32(HELP).

Решение:
27. comfortable
28. endless
29. actually
30. different
31. direction
32. helpful


Every year the world goes dark for one hour, the Earth Hour. The event is organised by the __________________27(NATION) World Wildlife Fund. At tourist destinations, in offices and private homes, lights are switched off for one hour at __________________28(EXACT) 8:00 pm. The idea is to show that our planet is in danger and it needs care and __________________29(PROTECT). It’s __________________30(POSSIBLE) to remain indifferent to changes in the climate which go on and on. The Earth Hour is not about saving an hour’s electricity. It’s about realising that we live on a __________________31(WONDER) planet and need to look after it — not just for an hour a year but every day. The Earth Hour is a part of an __________________32(ECOLOGY) education whose aim is to make people understand their responsibility to the planet.

Решение:
27. INTERNATIONAL — Adjective: al — international.

28. EXACTLY — Adverb: ly — exactly.

29. PROTECTION — A noun: ion — protection.

30. IMPOSSIBLE — Negative prefix: im — impossible.

31. WONDERFUL — Adjective: ful — wonderful.

32. ECOLOGICAL — Adjective: cal — ecological.


Reading Books Nowadays

In an epoch of technical progress, reading books is losing its value. Little by little radio, television and internet are beginning to force books from our __________27(DAY) life. If in the past a lot of the greatest poets and writers, such Pushkin, Yesenin, Bulgakov created their works, in our days such masters of words are absent. We begin to consider some detective and love stories of poor quality as ‘literary works’. It’s a big ___________28(ADVANTAGE) for all mankind.
A book is a __________29(FAITH) friend for a man. Reading is the thing which helps us to develop our soul, teaches us to get to know our life. The heroes of books, by their examples, help us to avoid mistakes. A good book is a wise company, which can give us __________30(USE) advice.
Reading develops our memory; our speech becomes richer, more literate and _______________31(EXPRESS).
Reading books in a foreign languages, we can get to know the cultures and traditions of native _____________32(SPEAK), improve our language and broaden our outlook.

Решение:
27. DAY – DAILY(adjective)
28. ADVANTAGE – DISADVANTAGE(dis- отрицательная приставка)
29. FAITH – FAITHFUL(adjective)
30. USE – USEFUL(adjective)
31. EXPRESS – EXPRESSIVE (adjective)
32. SPEAK – SPEAKERS(-er/-or –деятельность человека)


Fashion Hurts

Do you know that _______________27(FASHION) clothes can be bad for you!
This may surprise you, but some clothes can cause ___________28(VARIETY) problems. Researchers have discovered that following the latest fashion trends can be ____________29(HEALTHY). For example, if you tie a scarf or tie too tightly it increases your blood pressure. Tight jeans and trousers, short skirts may all cause illnesses.
How can we explain this? Very tight clothes can prevent people moving ______________30(NATURAL), and this is not good for you. If you wear trousers or skirts that are too tight around the waist, then your stomach does not have room to expand after you have eaten, and this can cause stomachache. ______________31(WEAR) shoes with high heels can lead to foot and back problems. Even practical shoes can cause backache if they don’t fit you ____________32(PROPER).

Решение:
27. FASHION – FAHIONABLE(Andjective)
28. VARIETY – VARIOUS (Adjective)
29. HEALTHY – UNHEALTHY(Adjective)
30. NATURAL – NATURALLY(Adjective)
31. WEAR – WEARING(Present Continuous)
32. PROPER – PROPERLY (Adjective)


Are You a Couch Potato?

Centuries ago, people didn’t have much free time, because everybody was ____________27(SIMPLE)working too hard.
In Britain in the nineteenth century, people invented football, rugby and cricket. It was even _______________28(POSSIBILITY) to watch a sport and give the _________________29(IMPRESS) that you were actually doing something.
Later leisure activities became less and less demanding, and most people got a variety of more or less ___________30(ENERGY) interests and hobbies. But now there is a new type of person who thinks that lying on the sofa watching television is the most exciting thing. This is the twentieth-century couch potato. For them, every ___________31(ACTIVE) is too much trouble, and ____________32(LAZY) is an art form!

Решение:
27. SIMPLE – SIMPLY
28. POSSIBILITY – POSSIBLE
29. IMPRESS – IMPRESSTION
30. ENERGY – ENERGETIC
31. ACTIVE – ACTIVITY
32. LAZY – LAZINESS


Travelling with Parents

I like traveling because it can _____________27(BROAD) outlook and helps me to understand other cultures. I think that I’m already an experienced ____________28(TRAVEL).
First of all everything should be ______________29(CAREFUL) planned. I’m not an adult yet so I travel with my parents. This year we decided to go to Britain.
In Britain we stayed in a small hotel near London. It offered us a wide range of ___________30(DIFFER) games, such as tennis and football, and a lot of ___________31(ACTIVE): boating, canoeing and so on.
__________32(CYCLE) was offered for those who wanted to get to remote pace choosing seenic routes.

Решение:
27. BROAD – BROADEN
28. TRAVEL – TRAVELLER(-er/-or –деятельность человека)
29. CAREFUL – CAREFULLY(adjective)
30. DIFFER – DIFFERENT(adjective)
31. ACTIVE – ACTIVITIES(noun)
32. CYCLE – CYCLING(noun-activity)

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